Modern Architecture in Brazil, December 2012 Rare Book of the Month

December Rare Book of the Month

Modern Architecture in Brazil by Henrique E. Mindlin

Published by The Architectural Press, London 1956.

With the very recent news of the death of Oscar Niemeyer it seemed a good moment to take a look at this book which declares itself to be the “first full-scale attempt to show modern Brazilian architecture in all its aspects”. Published in 1956, it showcases Brazilian architecture from the late 1930s to the mid 1950s. Up to this point, new Brazilian architecture was not much known outside Brazil.

The Preface is written by renowned architecture critic and historian Professor Siegfried Giedion. Giedion notes Le Corbusier’s one month stay in Brazil in 1936 and comments that this visit, during which Le Corbusier worked with a group of young Brazilian architects, was of “outstanding importance” for the development of Brazilian architecture. Le Corbusier’s influence can be seen in the designs featured in this book, as can the influence of other modernist architects Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. Brazilian architects though have necessarily studied the phenomenon of sunlight and created all kinds of protective devices to cope with the Brazilian climate.

The author Henrique Mindlin was a Brazilian architect and discusses design problems from personal and professional experience. He discusses the work of seventy of his contemporaries, including Oscar Niemeyer who is best known for his Brazilian take on modernism when he design the new Brazilian capital city Brasilia. Each project is accompanied by photographs, plans and drawings.

Click here for The Guardian article regarding Oscar Niemeyer

This book is located in the Rare Book collection at UCA’s Canterbury campus library.

This book was reviewed by Richenda Gwilt, Librarian

More details about archives, special collections, and rare books can be seen here

Canterbury School of Architecture prospectus

Canterbury School of Architecture prospectus

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Travelling Exhibition

UCA Library is undertaking  a travelling exhibition of material from our special collections throughout all the campuses

Rochester is sending out 1950s prospectuses and student sketchbooks from the 1950s specialising in a variety of art and design. They are interesting for the history of  Medway College of Design, history of Art classes, including graphic design work, lithography, cut wood engraving, lettering, fabric printing and trends and popularity in art and design in the 1950s

At Farnham 26th November – 7th January

At Maidstone 7th January-4th February

At Epsom 4th February-4th March

At Canterbury 4th March – 1 April

 

Rochester Student Sketchbook

 

Maidstone is sending a selection of material from the Tessa Boffin Archive and Personal Library

 

Tessa Boffin, was an 1980s photographer, specialising in sex and sexual fantasy

 

1)    Technical Photography Instruction, 1984

This include instructions for working with film photography in the 1980s and information regarding how Boffin would portray different adverts.

 2)    Income Book, 1991-1992

Income and expenditure book relating to what items she required for photography, exhibition space required and petty expenses

 3)    Coursework Book, 1985-1986

Contains notes and photocopies of photographs relating to The Slings and Arrows of Outrageous Fortune: AIDS and the Body Politic and Next…Quarantine The Disease of the Soul/Panic. Includes images of newspaper articles in the 1980s relating to AIDS and safe sex, and lesbianism, images from Derek Jahrman, religious imagery, and her own handwritten notes

 4)    Photography prints related to her work The Slings and Arrow of Outrageous Fortune: AIDS and the Body Politic, helping highlight perceptions towards AIDS in the 1980s

 5)    Postcard from Marc Almond, from Soft Cell, 1980s

A letter from Marc Almond, with an image of him on the front, agreeing to pose for Tessa Boffin

 6)    A selection of books from her personal library, some annotated and one with a letter, providing context to her work

At Epsom 26th November – 7th January

At Canterbury 7th January – 14th February

At Rochester 14th February -4th March

At Farnham 4th March – 1st April

 

Coursework regarding her AIDS work

Canterbury is sending Canterbury Architectural Student Association Journals

 

Provides information on…

 

Graphic Design and drawings

Visual images from the 1940s, and drawings of buildings inside journals

Reports on historical architecture, including Roman architecture

Kent and England architecture

  • Includes some drawings/sketches

Architecture in Kent from the 1940s-1960s

‘As a college we are singularly insensitive to our environment. Over the past few years we have seen the systematic murder of that whole area of this city between Burgate Street and George’s Street‘ (CASA 1960s)

Family history

  • Student reports detail students and lecturers names

Student Activity

  • Information on the Student Union
  • Reports of student trips, and activities, including reports on architecture abroad
  • Reports of student sport and social activities
  • ‘On Saturday…1947… a group of… students congregated at ‘Georges’ to consume a flagon of “pig’s ear”‘ (CASA 1948)
  • Visits to exhibitions
  • Creative writing regarding architecture, and other works from students

 

At Rochester 26th November – 7th January

At Farnham 7th January – 4th February

At Maidstone 4th February – 4th March

At Epsom 4th March-1 April

 

CASA 1957

 

Farnham is sending Guildford School of Art Photography, and Book binding and Printing Prospectuses

Provides Information on

–         History of Art Schools

–         History of the Guildford School of Art

–         History of Photography, Bookbinding and Printing

–         Graphic Design and Art interest with visual covers

At Maidstone 26th November-4th January

At Epsom 4th January – 7th February

At Canterbury 4th February – 4th March

At Rochester 4th March -1 April

Epsom is sending prospectuses from the Epsom and Ewell School of Art and Technical Institute, 1930s onwards

Provides information on

–         History of Art Schools

–         History of the Epsom School of Art and Technical Institute

–         History of Art School classes including Art and Design, Architecture, Women’s Crafts

–         Graphic Design and Art interest with visual covers

At Canterbury 26th November – 7th January

At Rochester 7th January – 4th February

At Farnham 4th February – 7th March

At Maidstone 7th March – 1 April

Epsom prospectuses from 1925

 

 

The Wood Engravings of Eric Ravilious, September Rare Book Gem

September 2012

The Wood Engravings of Eric Ravilious

Lion and Unicorn Press: England, 1972

This rare and beautifully produced, folio format (420 x 295mm) book was designed by John Carrod for Lion and Unicorn Press, the Royal College of Art’s press. It is printed on heavy Grosvenor Chater’s Basingwerk Parchment paper.

The copy held in the Rare Books collection at UCA’s Farnham campus library is number 99 of a limited edition of 500. This was the first and only edition ever printed. It includes an informative introduction by the architect J.M. Richards, a friend and contemporary of the artist.

Eric Ravilious (1903 -1942) was an English painter, designer, book illustrator and wood engraver. He studied under Paul Nash at the Royal College of Art in the early 1920s. He is associated with the neo-romanticism movement, along with contemporaries Stanley Spencer, Edward Bawden, John Craxton and others.

He was particularly renowned for his wood-block prints and his watercolours. He also undertook ceramic designs for Wedgwood and designed graphics for London Transport.

Much of his work was inspired by the landscape of the South Downs in Sussex. Amongst other rural themes, he made a number of engravings depicting the chalk hillside figure of the Long Man of Wilmington, as illustrated above.

The book contains 421 block prints which represent all of Ravilious’ engraved work for which copies could be found. Many of Ravilious’ original wood blocks were destroyed or lost during World War II bombing of London.

Six of the prints in this book were made directly from Ravilious’ original wood blocks. For the other prints, blocks were specially made.

In World War II Ravilious was an official war artist. He was killed in September 1942, aged 39, while accompanying the Royal Air Force on a mission off the coast of Iceland.

A week before Eric Ravilious’ death his son James was born.  James Ravilious (1939 -1999), a highly regarded photographer, was also inspired by the rural English landscape. He is known for his photo-essays on rural life in Devon in the 1960s and 1970s. See eStream for a documentary on James Ravilious (30 minutes).

On Saturday 17 November 2012 the Victoria & Albert Museum is holding a Ravilious Study Day to examine the works of Eric Ravilious and his contemporaries. For further details and tickets see the V&A website.

For further information on Eric Ravilious and his work see http://www.ericravilious.co.uk

See also, Eric Ravilious: Ups and Downs (The Guardian, 30 April 2011)    

To view all previous rare book gems access http://community.ucreative.ac.uk/article/37432/Rare-Book-Gems

Medway College of Design Catalogue Online

The Medway College of Design Catalogue is accessible here at http://community.ucreative.ac.uk/article/38034/Medway-College-of-Design

The Medway College of Design was one of the predecessors to the Kent Institute of Art and Design, and now is Rochester Campus of the University for the Creative Arts. The institute dates from 1853, and dealt with courses regarding design, including art, and fashion, fashion and design being one of Rochester’s specialities today.

The archive dates from 1928 and contains

  • Student fashion shows
  • Press cuttings
  • Student art sketch books from1951-1962
  • Student fashion exam book, 1966, with examples of cotton, wool and silk

Uses can be seen in the subject guides, including Medway local historyart and design, fashion and local architecture

Archive of the Month and Rare Book Gems

University of the Creative Arts is now producing an Archive of the Month feature to sit alongside Rare Book Gems

Archive of the Month and Rare Book Gems is where an archive or rare book is focused on in depth to bring it to attention for UCA’s staff, students, and wider community

We would be interested to hear feedback from students, lecturers, and the wider community of what they want to see reviewed. Are there any budding journalists who would be interested in reviewing a rare book/archive? Do any students feel their courses/interests are being missed out on?

Please provide feedback!

Canterbury Architectural Student Association Magazine-1957

September’s Archive of the Month is the Canterbury Architectural Student’s Association Magazine produced entirely by the students of the School of Architecture, accessed here http://community.ucreative.ac.uk/article/38113/Archive-Treasures

The Magazines run from 1948-1965

This provides

information of  courses and architecture teaching from the students points of view

Architecture Humour!

Drawings and sketches of architecture in Kent and England

Architecture in Kent from the 1940s

Architecture abroad from the 1940s

(If I go to my workbench with a pencil

And if I put some paper on my board

With careful use of ruler, ink and stencil

By dint of labour and of sweat outpoured

I find when strikes three quarters after nine,

I’ve drawn one rather shaky smudgy line

[D.W. Stevens CASA 1948])

The latest Rare Book Gem, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, an edition limited to 200 copies, can be accessed here http://community.ucreative.ac.uk/article/37432/Rare-Book-Gems

Canterbury College archive online

Canterbury College archive has been catalogued and can now be found online on http://archiveshub.ac.uk/data/gb3094ccol

Canterbury College was originally formed as the Sidney Cooper School of Art in 1868, and has continued through mergers with Rochester and Maidstone to become Kent Institute of Art and Design, and finally the University for the Creative Arts with further mergers with Epsom and Farnham campuses.

A 1905 visitors’ book from Canterbury, showing names of visitors to exhibitions,

This can potentially provide information regarding family and local history

The collection includes

  • Departmental prospectuses
  • Student work, including degree and diploma shows
  • Research projects
  • Student magazines
  • Minutes from the Art department
  • General college information, including general prospectuses, and financial information
  • Visitor book
  • Library information
  • Staff interviews and lectures
  • Board of Education reports
  • General exhibitions at or associated with Canterbury College
  • Staff photographs

What can the collection tell us?

Canterbury College can provide information regarding architecture and art, graphic design, fashion, art and painting, including sculpture work. Pictures of student work, fashion videos from the 1980s, research projects, and staff interviews and lectures can show various trends and popularity in these subjects. They could also potentially provide inspiration for future work

Course development in the creative arts, development with technology, and the history of the university generally can be seen in prospectuses, education reports, financial information, and library information and minutes from the school of art

Family history and local history can be explored through visitors books, press cuttings, exhibition shows, and student magazines and staff and student photographs

Student activity can be seen through student magazines

Topical thoughts and opinions on the day in the 1980s can be seen through magazines, including thoughts on the falklands, and sexual morality

Highlights from the collection: Architecture (celebrating the birth of Mervyn Peake)

Mervyn Peake, author of the Gormenghast trilogy, was born on July 1911. Mervyn Peake was a writer and artist.

Mervyn Peake’s name appears in the Maidstone College of Art Prospectus 1951 – 52 as a member of the teaching staff for Drawing and Painting

In his novels there are many impressive descriptions of architecture, when describing the gothic Gormenghast. Art and architecture are often linked, as seen in the UCA’s prospectuses describing the MA in Art and Architecture.

This month we celebrate the architecture highlights from the Canterbury College Archive

These include

Student Journals

Canterbury Architectural Association Newsletter (CASA) starting from 1948-1965

Immaterial Newsletter, 1 copy, 1975

They show:

  • Reports of the Student Association, including design projects
  • Visits and reviews of different sites in Canterbury
  • Details of reports over covering bomb damage from the war
  • Details of the School of Architecture moving into a different building
  • Articles regarding current issues, including the use of a private garden, and the case against the individual house (1950s)
  • Current trends in architecture
  • Architecture in Canterbury, including current archaeological digs
  • Technology changes

School of Architecture Prospectuses

They show:

  • Trends in architecture education
  • Requirements to become an architecht

The Summer Studio was a design workshop held in Canterbury. The 1977 one looked at developments in the home

Degree shows and Catalogues

They show:

  • Trends in architecture